SIRAH NABAWIYAH DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI KEBUTUHAN VERSI DAVID McCLELLAND

Rosidin Rosidin(1*),

(1) Universitas Islam Lamongan
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Modern technology causes narrowing job opportunities. Condition today, requires creative individuals. Facts show the Prophet as a figure who successfully breaks through the world of work in the midst of all limited. theory of needs was initiated by David McClelland contains three requirements, (the Need for Achievement / N-Ach), (the Need for Affiliation / N-affil) (the Need for Power / N-Pow). Associated with sira Nabawiyah: 1) How the values of N-Ach, N-affil and N-Paw in sirah nabawiyah ?; 2) How is the manifestation of the values of N-Ach, N-affil and N-Pow 'Nabawiyah' in the present context ?; 3) How does character education values of N-Ach, N-affil and N-Pow 'Nabawiyah' in the present context? The results of research were obtained: 1) The values of N-Ach in sirah nabawiyah include prophetic morals at the level of the pre , processes and post-employment; N-affil include prophetic character in the context of a social conscience, obey the norm and give priority to cooperation; whereas N-Pow include related prophetic morals personality and leadership; 2) In the present context, the value of N-Ach, N-affil and N-Pow 'Nabawiyah' includes ethos pious, scientific ethos, ethics and ethos amaliah akhlakiah; 3) Education character N-Ach, N-affil and N-Pow 'Nabawiyah' in the present context is held through educational methods prophetic in three stages: Moral Feeling, Knowing and Moral Moral Moral Doing-Being; with accompanying educational principle in the form of reward-punishment, harmonious relations, interest-talent, edu-tainment, democratization and tiered.


Keywords


Nabawiyah, Nilai, N-Ach, N-Affil, N-Pow.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Taufik (et al.), Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam: Akar dan Awal. Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 2002.

Abdullah, Taufik (et al.), Ensiklopedi Tematis Dunia Islam: Khilafah Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 2002.

Ahmed, Akbar S., Rekonstruksi Sejarah Islam: Di Tengah Pluratitas Agama dan Peradaban (alih bahasa oleh Amru Nst.), Yogyakarta: Fajar Pustaka Baru, 2003.

Ali, Said Ismail, Al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah: Ruyah Tarbawiyah, Kairo: Dar al-Fikr al-Araby, 2002.

Amal, Taufik Adnan, Rekonstruksi Sejarah Al-Quran, Yogyakarta: Forum kajian Budaya dan Agama, 2001.

Amstrong, Karen, Islam: Sejarah Singkat (alih bahasa oleh Fungky Kusnaendy Timur), Yogyakarta: Penerbit Jendela, 2003.

Asyur, Muhammad al-Thahir Ibn, Tt. al-Tahrir wa al-Tanwir, Tunis: Dar Syuhun li al-Nasyr wa al-Tawzi.

Auda, Jasser, A Journey to God: With Ibn Atas Words of Wisdom in light of Universal Laws, London: Awakening, 2009.

Djakfar, Muhammad, Etika Bisnis Islami: Tataran Teoritis dan Praktis. Malang: UIN-Malang Press, 2008.

Djamaludin Ancok & Fuat Nashori Suroso, Psikologi Islami: Solusi Islam atas Problem-problem Psikologis, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1995.

Eva Etzioni-Halevy & Amitai Etzioni, Social Change: Sources, Patterns and Consequences. New York: Basic Books, Inc. Publishers, 1973

Hanafi, Muchlis M. [et al], Tafsir Al-Quran Tematik: Kerja dan Ketenagakerjaan. Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Quran, 2010.

Garna, Judistira K., Teori-teori Perubahan Sosial, Bandung: Program Pascasarjana Universitas Padjajaran, 1992.

Al-Ghazali, Imam Abu Hamid Muhammad, Mukhtashar Ihya Ulum al-Din: al-Mursyid al-Amin, Jakarta: Dar al-Kutub al-Islamiyah, 2004.

Gulen, M. Fethullah, Prophet Muhammad: The Infinite Light, Turkey: Kaynak (Izmir) A.S., 1998.

Kelana, Muslim, Muhammad saw is A Great Entrepreneur. Bandung: Dinar Publishing. 2008.

Khalid, Amru, Semulia Akhlak Nabi (alih bahasa oleh Imam Mukhtar), Solo: Aqwam, 2006.

Lauer, Robert H., Perspektif Tentang Perubahan Sosial (alih bahasa oleh Alimandan, S.U.), Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta, 1993.

Lings, Martin, Muhammad: Kisah Hidup Nabi Berdasarkan Sumber Klasik (Alih bahasa oleh Qamaruddin SF), Jakarta: PT Serambi Ilmu Semesta, 2013.

Rivai, Veithal, Islamic Human Capital: Dari Teori ke Praktik Manajemen Sumber Daya Islami, Jakarta: PT RajaGrafindo Persada, 2009.

Salim, Agus, Perubahan Sosial: Skesta Teori dan Refleksi Metodologi Kasus Indonesia, Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana, 2002.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Bisnis Sukses Dunia Akhirat: Berbisnis Dengan Allah, Ciputat: Lentera Hati, 2011.

Shihab, M. Quraish, Membaca Sirah Nabi Muhammad SAW dalam Sorotan al-Quran dan Hadits-Hadits Shahih, Jakarta: Lentera Hati, 2011.

http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/David_McClelland


Article metrics

Abstract views : 99 | views : 67


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32478/ta.v4i1.112

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 journal TA'LIMUNA



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.